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TIME TO PLANT  -  The best time to plant peonies is between the first of September and middle
October. Dormant roots can be purchased and planted in the early spring.  Plants in active growth in pots may be planted at any time. If established plants must be moved out of season, it can be done, but may result in a serious set-back or even death if the weather conditions are not favorable.
LOCATION  -  Peonies will grow in almost any soil but do best in deep rich soil. They require
a well-drained location and freedom from the root competition of trees, shrubs and heavy sod. They prefer full sun, although they will grow in semi-shade.
HOW TO PLANT PEONIES  -  Peonies should be planted 3 to 4 feet apart in full sun away from large trees or shrubs. They should be planted so that the ‘eyes’ of the peonies are not deeper than 1 ˝ to 2 inches below the soil level. Soil should be humus rich and well-drained. Be sure to pack the soil firmly under and between the roots to prevent them from settling too deep.
SOIL PREPARATION  -  Improve the soil to a depth of 18” by mixing peat moss, well-rotted manure or compost with the native soil. If the soil is tight clay work 1 cup of gypsum into the bottom of the hole to improve drainage. The best type of fertilizer to use would be one low in nitrogen but high in Phosphorus and potassium.
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